Chile became the first country in the world to protect neuro-rights after the Chamber of Deputies approved Wednesday an amendment to the Chilean Constitution. The bill is expected to be signed into law by their president soon.
The amendment to the Chilean Constitution aims at defining mental identity for the first time in history as a non-manipulable right to protect it against technological advancements in neurosciences and artificial intelligence. The bill sets out to protect the right to mental privacy, personal identity, the free will of thought, equitable access to technologies that increase human capacities, and protection against discrimination.
Guido Girardi, the opposition senator, said, The amendment to the Chilean Constitution “is the first law in the world on neuro-rights, and it is the first step in a legislative ecosystem that will regulate artificial intelligence and neuro-technologies. ”
The Chamber of Deputies said in a statement that “Chile’s law establishes that scientific and technological development must be at the service of people and that it will be carried out with respect for life and physical and mental integrity.”